war, just

war, just
   This expression (from the Latin justus, meaning "upright" or "equitable") refers to the theory that considers the use of military force morally acceptable or at least the lesser of two evils. For a war to be just, certain conditions must be met. A just war has to be characterized by the following: (1) self-defense from unwarranted aggression, (2) the prospect of success to justify losses, (3) an appropriate cost and the social gain expected as a result of the war, and (4) only military targets may be attacked and brutality must not be allowed.

Glossary of theological terms. . 2014.

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